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An environmental impact assessment is a formal process used to predict the environmental consequences (positive or negative) of a plan, policy, program, or project prior to the decision to implement; it proposes measures to adjust impact to acceptable levels or to investigate new technological solutions. Although an assessment may lead to difficult economic decisions, political and social concerns, environmental impact assessments protect the environment by providing a sound basis for effective and sustainable development. The purpose of the assessment is to ensure that the decision makers consider the environmental impact while deciding whether or not to proceed with a project.
The Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) of India has taken some major steps in the Environmental Impact Assessment in India. The main laws pertaining to this and being used are the Water Act (1974), the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act (1972), the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act (1981) and the Environment (Protection) Act (1986), Biological Diversity Act (2002). The responsible body for this is the Central Pollution Control Board. Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) studies need a significant amount of primary and secondary environmental data. Primary data are those collected in the field to define the status of the environment (like air quality data, water quality data etc.)
Ministry of Environment and Forest (MoEF) and the Ministry of New and Renewable energy (MNRE) have issued the notifications advising there is no requirement of environment clearance for implementation of solar PV power projects in the country. But if the project developer is looking for international funding in the projects through international lenders like IFC, ADB, DEG etc. then Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) for solar PV power projects is an essential exercise. ESIA is essential for other renewable energy based power projects viz. wind, biomass and geothermal. There are several dimensions in ESIA which need to be addressed adequately for renewable energy power projects. IFC and ADB have developed their own methodology for carrying out ESIA for renewable energy power projects which addresses technical, ecological, social and environmental measures associated with the projects. The Eight Standards developed by IFC for ESIA of renewable energy power projects are well adopted with other lenders in India.
In this lecture the key aspects of the ESIA for solar PV power projects have been elaborated along with the best practices. The actual ESIA reports of implemented solar PV power projects have been presented as per IFC guidelines.
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Duration: 90 Days
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NIESBUD is an Apex Institute in the area of Entrepreneurship and Small Business
Development under the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises , Government
of India. The basic objects for which the Institute has been established are: Promotion
and Development of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises including Enhancement of
their Competitiveness through Various Activities. The Institute has conducted a
total of 9,822 different Training Programmes covering 2,54,289 participants which
includes 163 International training programmes with 2,586 participants from more
than 125 countries till 31st March 2014.